Orthodontics is more than just crooked teeth and braces. There are many common problems we treat. Read below to learn more about them.
This occurs when the teeth are too close together. Causing problem with bite and with cleaning the teeth, it is important that it is corrected. In general, this can be addressed with braces. The photos to the left show the results of an 11-year-old patient who wore braces for 26 months.
Front Teeth Don't Touch
This occurs when the front teeth do not touch the lower teeth when the jaw is closed. This can occur due to a variety of factors, including thumb sucking and tongue thrusting. The photos to the left show the progress of a 13-year-old patient whose open bite was treated using braces and a crib; this is the standard form of treatment for open bite.
Lower front teeth bite into palate
With a deep overbite, the lower front teeth bite into the palate. If caught early, two-phase treatment can be used to correct this. However, when treated later in life, it usually requires jaw surgery in conjunction with braces. The photos to the left show the results of a 25-year-old patient who was treated with a combination of braces and surgery.
Some people have a genetic condition which prevents them from developing lateral incisors. When this occurs, the teeth must be adjusted to make up for the missing teeth. The photos to the left show the results of treatment for missing lateral incisors. In this case, the patient was given braces for 20 months and then had her teeth bonded with Maryland bridges to replace the missing teeth.
Lower front teeth in front of upper teeth
Underbite occurs when the lower teeth rest in front of the upper teeth. This causes chipping and wear on the teeth as well as pain to the jaw. The earlier this is caught, the easier it is to treat. The photos to the left show a younger patient whose underbite was caught early enough to treat without surgery; in the case of this patient, only braces were needed.
Patient was bothered by the spaces between his teeth. Braces closed the spaces and gave him an ideal bite in 24 months. Special glued-in retainers help keep the spaces closed.
Protruding front teeth
With overjet, the top teeth protrude beyond the bottom teeth. Once again, when caught early, it can be treated with less invasive methods. For older patients, surgery will likely be needed. The photos to the left show a 13-year-old patient who began phase I of two-phase treatment at 10-years-old.
When braces aren't needed
In many cases, braces are not needed to improve the alignment of the teeth. The photos to the left show a patient who was treated at age seven using a simple procedure to reduce the width of the adjacent baby teeth, allowing the permanent incisors to then align on their own.
Patient’s parents were concerned about both aesthetics and the health of the erupting permanent teeth when they brought him to the orthodontist at age eight. The lower front teeth were crowded and touching the palate, and the upper front teeth were extremely displaced from their normal positions. After 12 months of Phase-One treatment with an expander and partial braces, patient’s appearance and dental function were vastly improved.